Newton Park Estate

Newton Park Chapeltown Leeds

Newton Park Estate


The Newton Park Estate is a Victorian Residential Development, in North Leeds, Yorkshire, UK. It has been a conservation area since the 1970’s. It is now part of the Chapeltown Conservation area., in Potternewton. It is often called by residents and locals “St Mary’s” as it is based around St Mary’s Road but it is officially called The Newton Park Estate.

The Conservation report on the area states the following :

The Newton Park Estate is accessed through an imposing gateway with pedestrian entrances on each side which lends a feeling of exclusivity and formality to this estate. Places of worship punctuate the area,  (St Martin’s Church and Union Chapel ) providing a variation of scale and architectural character.


Building form varies from detached and semi detached villas to elegant terraces, often standing side-by side. Architectural styles vary from typical late Victorian ‘gothic’ villa type properties, which can be seen in many other Leeds suburbs, to more individualistic Arts and Crafts designs. Sandstone is mixed in some cases with render and tile hanging. Natural materials to some footpaths and carriageways lend a sense of quality and help to unify the area. A high stone wall on Chapel Road and continuing north on the east side of Hall Lane and the short stretch of lower wall north of 315 Chapeltown Road (in front of St Martin’s Church) are part of the boundary to Newton Park. This is of historical interest as well as helping to give the Newton Park Estate a distinct identity.

The Estate was also serviced with shops.

The Estate was given a highly original shopping arcade at nos 168 – 176 Chapeltown Road in 1890 by Archibald Neill. Less wild than his nearby Union Chapel but still bizarrely detailed, the first floor of the central pair of shops set back between each shop transmute above capitals to form tapering buttresses rising above the eaves. Two splendid carved lions perch above the shopfronts at each end. Coursed stone and mullions throughout. 

The Buildings of England. Yorkshire West Riding Leeds, Bradford and the North by Peter Leach and Nikolaus Pevsner 


The Newton Park Estate was built on the grounds of Newton hall and was conceived  in 1860’s by the Lupton Family. Arthur Lupton (owner of Newton Hall) gives his two brothers Francis and Darnton Lupton a plot of land on the grounds of Newton Hall (family residence) to build homes for their heirs.

The Buildings of England. Yorkshire West Riding Leeds, Bradford and the North by Peter Leach and Nikolaus Pevsner

The Newton Park Estate was laid out by the Lupton Family of Newton hall (now dem.). It’s lodge (1856) and gateposts survive on Chapeltown Road by St Martin’s church, which was built for the new estate. Francis and Darnton Lupton first engaged George Corson to draw up plans for developing their estate at the beginning of the 1870’s but building was only begun in 1879 to plans by Chorley and Connon (who also designed most of the houses).

They appointed the leading architect George Corson (who two years later would win a competition for the laying out of Roundhay Park) to produce a layout for an exclusive residential development on the site of a nursery and tea gardens in the south part of their estate, Newton Park, in Potternewton.  The Tea Gardens belonging to Newton Hall can be seen (in Red) on this map of 1842.


Darnton Lupton died and his two sons William Walter and Sydney take over with their Uncle Francis and set up the Newton Park Building Club. Corson’s plan for unknown reasons was abandoned and in 1879 they employed Chorley and Connon to produce an over-all plan for the Newton Park Estate and design most of the houses (except for the terrace lower down which was designed by Smith and Tweedale)

Corson layout plan for the Newton Park Estate nee Newton Hall Estate 1870

This is the revised plan from Nov 1882 which was still not the final layout which says it is by Martin & Fenwick , 1 Park Place (chartered surveyors and valuers). It has lots of scribbles on it.

This map held in archive was unfortunately not dated though suspect after 1897. 

Newton Park Now 

The layout is geometrical. There is an imposing gateway on Chapeltown Road, which has the following notice.


Unfortunately nobody seems to take any notice and they all come park and drop litter,  though there are not so many hawkers, door to door salesmen seem to be a thing of the past. 

There are then pedestrian entrances to each side. This marks the beginning of the principal street, St Mary’s Road which leads to the largest house on the estate Rocklands (this is now known as St Mary’s House).

Newton Park Estate

St Mary’s Road

The principal street is St Mary’s Road, a gated street south of St Martin’s Church off Chapeltown Road. On the right No’s 1-10, a terrace of 1894 by Smith and Tweedle, the houses with similar plans but varied facades whose attractive detailing includes half-timbered gables, paired windows with deep sashes, and shell like porches. 

The Buildings of England. Yorkshire West Riding Leeds, Bradford and the North by Peter Leach and Nikolaus Pevsner

St Mary’s Road is a broad street with grass verges which are lined with trees. As you travel up on the right hand side there is a green. This used to be a tennis court for use of the residents but was subsequently turned into a green. People sit and have picnics in the summer and there are rope swings for the kids. We hold an annual community bbq on the green. 

It is then made up of Terraced houses to the North, they are all so different from each other with amazing architectural details such as giant shells above the doors.

St Marys Road Newton Park Chapeltown Leeds

St. Mary’s Road looking towards Chapeltown Road

Oak Road / Oak Bank

Oak Road Postcard franked Nov 1905

Oak road bisects St Mary’s Road.  The road was first called Oak Bank but when the terraces opposite the villas were built its name was changed to Oak Road.

oak road 2
Oak Road East Side

This was the last side to be developed (1901) and comprises of very large terraced houses. The houses are all constantly changing colour, recently we have turquoise, grey and yellow.

Oak road west side

Oak Road west is made up of earlier houses (1880s) either detached or semi-detached large villas built by the Newton Park Building Club and designed by Chorley and Connon

Oak Road West

Laurel Mount

Carrying up St Mary’s road, Laurel Mount bisects the road to the North and South.

Virtually all the Nineteenth Century houses in Newton Park Estate have been attributed either to Chorley or to Chorley and Connon   according to Janet Douglas in Building a Great Victorian City – Leeds Architects and Architecture 1790-1914 

Chorley’s stone terraces and semi-detached villas are pleasant…in terms of their design. However, there are four residences in the Domestic Revival style which are exceedingly striking. Penraevon on Laurel Mount is probably the best of these:built in stone in 1881 with a half timbered gable above an oriel window, leaded lights and a pretty timber porch. Eltonhurst and Oakfield (1885) on St Mary’s Road, remain as spectacular as the illustration in the builder suggests:a cavalcade of fishscale tiling, half timbering and decorated plaster coving below large gables, with their roofs continuing as catslides to the ground floor and with wooden porched entrances to the sides. The largest house on the estate is the twin gabled Rockland of 1886, built for Francis Lupton with the same recipe of stone, render, hung tiles and tall brick chimneys


Rocklands Potternewton

Rockland, the home of Francis Martineau Lupton, (Great Great Grandfather of The Duchess of Cambridge) which is also part of the Newton Park Estate. To read more about the Lupton family this post has lots more detail. Rockland is now known as St Mary’s House and is run by the NHS Leeds and York Trust


Eltonhurst and Oakfield

chorley and connon Eltonhurst and Oakhurst Newton Park Estate

The illustration above is of the Semi detached houses Eltonhurst and Oakfield.  The illustration was published in The Builder  in 1881. It was designed by the same architects as Penraevon and at the same time by Chorley and Connon. (image from Archiseek). It looks very similar today

EltonHurst and Oakfield 2016

This map from 1920, taken from earlier deeds as it does not show all the houses which were built by then, was produced when Oakfield and the land to the North was put up for sale 8th Jan 1920.  

These two illustrations below were the original plans submitted to planning in 1895/6 which is four years after they first appeared in The Builder (see above) 


We are biased. this is our house and our blog! Obviously we think it is the prettiest house.  The original building plans for Penraevon were not kept unfortunately as they were revised six months later and the council only kept the revised plans. The amended plans are so delicate and of poor quality they have deteriorated. It is difficult to know how much has changed over the years (height of chimneys, railings on balcony) and what was changed prior to building (timber patterning and position of chimneys) 

The Buildings of England. Yorkshire West Riding Leeds, Bradford and the North by Peter Leach and Nikolaus Pevsner

The most attractive is Penraevon of 1881 in Laurel Mount. Again Domestic Revival but in stone, with a half timbered gable above an oriel window, leaded lights and a pretty timbered porch.


Also on Laurel Mount is Oaklands  a detached villa built 1906 ,

 lived in by the developer who built it,  until the 1920’s and then it was the home of the Heaton family  The Heaton Family owned a large clothing Empire including the Heatona Building on North Street (now Crispin Lofts). 

It was sold in 1937 and became a boarding house for theatricals.

Rumour has it that Stewart Granger stayed here.


The Old Vicarage and Laurel Bank

Next is the semi-detached villas called The Old Vicarage – which was of course the Vicarage for St Martins Church, (though the vicarage was moved to closer to the church) it is now a family home and Laurel Bank which is flats.

Newton Park Mansions

In the 1920s, Newton Hall, the ancient residence of the Lupton family, which adjoined the northern boundary of the area, was demolished and the extensive grounds surrounding were built over to create the St Martin’s. Around this time the two blocks of houses called Newton Park Mansions were built, in stone with slate roofs and shared gardens.

The mansions are split into two blocks one more on St Mary’s Road is number 1-4 and the other on Laurel Mount are numbers 5-10 which as you can imagine confuses ALL delivery drivers and Taxis.

Back Laurel Mount 

All of the main streets have a back road too (Back St Mary’s, Back Oak Road, Back Chapeltown Road) but only Back Laurel Mount has dwellings that are not on one of the main streets. Back Laurel Mount is home to The Stables and also at the end Rockland’s Cottage (now called St Mary’s Cottage).

The Stables

The Stables are, not surpisingly, converted Stables. It is a detached 2  bedroom house (3 if you lived in London ) with lovely surrounding gardens. 

 Rockland’s Cottage now called St Mary’s Cottage

This was until recently a clinic run by the NHS it was accessed through Hall Lane from the back. It is now going to be brought back to being a dwelling. It is an unusual horseshoe shape most probably as it was the Gardeners cottage and the two sides were used to store tools and supplies in.  


If you want to read more about the  general area – read this post  or if you would prefer to find out about who lived in the house

Join the Conversation


  1. Avatarsays: Mike Reed

    Great site – we love the history.
    Please note that Francis Martineau Lupton (d.1921) is “Princess Kate’s” great great grandfather. His daughter – Olive Middleton (d.1936) , nee Lupton is Kate’s great grandmother.

  2. Avatarsays: Doreen Ward

    Hello. We enjoyed seeing the outside of your magnificent house when delivering chocolate won in the occasional ‘where is this’ competition on Cara chat page. Great to find this link on Chapel A today twitter feed and see how much work you have done. Looks stunning

    1. Happenuponsays: Happenupon

      Thanks Doreen, and say hi to Bob (He once lent me some vests for our litter picking day). Glad you liked the house , it is lovely to bring such a neglected building back to being a beautiful home as it once was, even if it is a lot of hard work – bit like you guys with the Gledhow Valley Woods

  3. Avatarsays: Louise Winrow

    ‘Happened upon’ this blog when looking into Arthur Currer Briggs. I’d been reading about his Arts and Crafts holiday house (Broadleys) in the Lakes, and noticed he lived in Gledhow Grange at the time. Fascinating personalities, history and architecture on our doorstep.
    Really love your blog, and fantastic to see someone repairing a historic building with respect and understanding of the building together with 21st century flourishes. Interesting to read about the decision on the colour of the exterior paintwork. Think it works really well. I live in an Arts and Crafts inspired 1920’s house in Gledhow. Just about to redecorate the hall and wondering if I’m brave enough to paint the stairs black or grey … Best of luck with it and I look forward to hearing more of the story.

  4. Avatarsays: Michael Reed

    Your maps are great. Here is some clarification regarding one of them; it has the name Mrs O.C. Middleton at the top. She is registered as the co-owner of the buildings (Rockland and its garages) and its surrounding acres with her sister Miss A.M. Lupton. Mrs O.C. Middleton had married Richard Noel Middleton (died 1951) in 1914. The sister’s three brothers were all killed during WW1 and could therefore not inherit any property – neither the Newton Park Estate nor the family’s Beechwood Estate in nearby Roundhay. Newton Park Estate had been entailed to the siblings’ father, Francis Martineau Lupton (died 1921), alongside his three younger brothers. Francis Martineau Lupton ensured his two surviving children, Mrs Olive C. Middleton and Miss Anne M. Lupton, inherited a portion of their grandfather’s estate. Olive and her husband Richard also owned Fieldhead House in Roundhay. This was where their son Peter Francis Middleton was born in 1920.
    The date of the map concerned is c. 1921.
    Michael Reed
    Hallam College
    Melbourne, Australia

    1. Happenuponsays: Happenupon

      Hi Micheal,
      The map is indeed an anomaly. I discovered it in a pile of documents held at the West Yorkshire Archive (John Hepper and Sons estate agents and surveyors records) and they cover the sale of Oakfield and the adjacent lot which dates 8th Jan 1920. It is obviously an updated version of the map held in the deeds as it does not feature the buildings which were built between 1895 and 1920.

  5. Avatarsays: W.Bawn

    Excellent local history here.
    I wonder if you can help with my research? I’m trying to find out who was the owner of Newton Green Hall c1900. My g.g.grandfa Hugh Bawn was a gardener living in the lodge on Newton Road (bldg. still there I think). Can anyone help please? I think Hugh may have been left something in the owner’s will which helped him buy a house of his own.

    1. Happenuponsays: Happenupon

      Hi, not sure how well you know the area but the Newtons (newton Road, terrace etc) are not part of Newton Park they are not far away 1/2 mile. We are separated by the Chapel Allerton hospital, which may have been Newton Green Hall, the wing built in the 1970’s was called the Newton Green wing. You could try either secret Leeds on facebook or chapel allerton history on facebook those groups might know more. When I have investigated wills of people who lived in this house I have found they did leave money to dedicated cooks or gardeners. You could also try searching for Newton Green hall in the newspaper archives on findmypast (just do newspapers from Leeds 1890 to 1910) which might give you the name of the owner and then you can track down their probate and either Kew will hold the will online or you can request the will from wills and probate (it costs to get a copy of a will but only £5). Good luck

  6. Avatarsays: Mike Reed

    According to the above source, Francis W. Lupton, Esq. (d.1884) was living at Newton Green Hall in 1845, two years prior to his marriage in 1847 to Frances Greenhow. The newlyweds then lived at the adjacent Potternewton Hall. According to House of Commons documents and sales plans from 1845, in that year (1845), Newton Hall Estate was owned by Francis Lupton’s brother Arthur Lupton. – cite journal |first=Colin |last=Treen |title=The Thoresby Society – The Society’s Archives (Sales Particulars) |date=2018 |url= |publisher=The Thoresby Society |quote=Sale – 1845: Leeds and Potternewton (35 lots of building land) on Earl of Mexborough’s Potternewton Estate – Surveyor: Henry Teal, 60 x 50 – Leeds City Archives, MX 2017/1 [Map of Newton Hall Estate, otherwise (known as ) Low Hall and Close (the estate) of Arthur Lupton, Esq.

  7. Avatarsays: Mike Reed

    Dear Happenupon

    You are correct in that Newton Green Hall, once the home of landowner Francis Lupton (d.1884), became the Chapel Allerton Hospital. In 1930, the Newton Green Hall Estate was advertised in The Yorkshire Evening Post as being part of Newton Park.

    Moreover, current maps from Leeds City Council conservation groups consider this area – on the other side of Chapeltown Road and adjacent to the original Lupton Newton Park /Potternewton Hall Estate – to be a part of Newton Park today.

    Please see above post

    All the best

    Michael Reed
    Australian historian, Melbourne.

    1. Happenuponsays: Happenupon

      Yes it is part of Newton Park but not Newton Park Estate. Newton Park was a large area, There is still a lovely Early Victorian terrace called Newton Terrace and Newton Villa all about a 1/2 mile away to the North as well as Newton Grove and the nearer Georgian listed Newton Terrace all of which significantly predate Newton Park Estate. The name Newton Park, Potternewton, Chapel Allerton and Chapeltown (as well as Gledhow and New Leeds) are all often used for the same area at different times (or even the same time) whereas Newton Park Estate is a distinct discreet area of three streets St Mary’s Road, Oak Road and Laurel Mount which had it’s own gated entrance. Unfortunately the council appraisal document is full of inaccuracies including boundary areas but it was produced because they wanted to extend the conservation area (previously it was just St Mary’s Conservation area dating from 1974 it was extended in 2003 and its name changed to Chapeltown conservation area). Hope this clarifies.

  8. Avatarsays: Lydia

    Hello Lady Penraevon
    Your house is gorgeous! Lovely blog rich on history and well researched. I’m doing a bit of research. I realised St Mary’s Cottage which used to belong to the NHS was sold in 2018 to a private developer however the house is now back on the market as of 2019.

    I noticed the house suffered a lot of neglect….leaking roof and moss growing on roof. The pretty old gates were taken off and replaced with some hideous looking gates of the wrong height and some masonary appeared to have been yanked off or damaged in the process.

    Do you know of any reason it is back of the market without the developer having not done any work on it?

    Also do you know which neighbouring houses are responsible for the maintenance of the untarred private road from Chapeltown Road which leads directly to the cottage? Who uses this roaf


    1. Happenuponsays: Happenupon

      Hi Lydia,
      Yes the cottage is back up for sale. The developer who bought it thought that they would be able to demolish the building and build a new house this was turned down. They then applied to have the house turned into flats and this was again refused planning. The planners came back with the recommendation that it should be kept as one house. The developer revised plans and put it back up for sale. The developer cleared some trees/shrubs from the garden and knocked down some of the outside wall including taking down some of the masonry.
      I can’t comment on the condition of the house however all roofs around here have moss due to the heavy tree coverage and there were no signs of neglect when I viewed it in 2018 just very institutional. I am not aware of the property ever having pretty gates, the current gates were put on by the NHS in 2016 before that there was just a big gap.

      The road leading from Chapeltown road (Chapel road) is an unadopted road. I am not aware of anyone using this road apart from the occasional lost taxi driver. It is owned by all neighbouring properties at each part. All of the back roads are unadopted. Access to this house was originally from Hall Lane but the NHS cut of access when they sold it.
      I can tell you that this is a very pretty property but it will need a lot of imagination and care to bring it back to reveal itself. It is in a very quiet corner of the conservation area and is viewed as a building with significant benefit. Hope that helps

  9. Avatarsays: Ann Lightman

    Loved reading your blog. Was looking for Roseneath, Newton Park, home of James Campbell, engineer, of Hunslet Engine Co. Has it been renamed?

    1. Happenuponsays: Happenupon

      Hi Anne, Thank you.
      Re your mystery Roseneath : A lot of houses have been renumbered and a few knocked down (There was a series of villas on Chapeltown Road that were knocked down but these were called The Poplars, Inchroyd and The Crescent) . I have not noticed any house with the name Roseneath (or Rosexxx) maybe it was one of the Villas on Oak Road (previously Oak Bank). The houses on Laurel Mount have all retained their names Eltonhurst, Oakfield, Penraevon, Oakbank, The Vicarage, Laurel Bank.

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